How to Boot a Problem Nonprofit Board Member
People often ask about how to handle a problematic board member. The question is a good one, and most boards will likely confront this problem at some time.
In fact, these types of board members turn up much more often than we like. Joan Garry, an expert in nonprofit leadership, calls these people toxic board members and says they should be fired post haste.
What are the signs of a toxic board member?
They hog every conversation or refuse to participate
They are negative about everything
They refuse to help fundraise
They attempt to micro-manage the CEO and staff
They pick fights, badmouth other board members, or try to start a rebellion
They think a nonprofit should be run just like a business
They show disrespect to the board chair or the Executive Director
They drive other board members to stay away from board meetings or to resign
They want to spend too much money, or they are scrooges and don’t want to spend any
They don't handle confidential information securely
They expect special consideration for their child, brother-in-law, or cousin.
They exhibit rude behavior such as using their phone during meetings, showing up late or leaving meetings early.
They think they are the smartest person in the room and show disdain for other people's opinions.
But what can you do?
The cure starts with understanding what a nonprofit board member must do, both legally and ethically.
It continues with proper recruitment and training for new board members.
But, if a toxic person has gotten through, then there must be a concerted effort to either control the wayward board member or remove him or her from the board.
Peri Packroo makes these suggestions in her excellent book, Starting & Building a Nonprofit.
- The board president should deal with problems quickly. Common problems that board members may display are argumentativeness, bullying, rudeness, talking too much, not coming to meetings, and showing a lack of interest.
- There is no one-size-fits-all solution to these problems. Sometimes gentle persuasion will get a board member back in line, but, with an overly aggressive member, it might take some sharp words and confrontation.
- If after a short trial period of confronting the problem, the board member is still behaving badly, take steps to remove him or her. If it is close to an upcoming election, ask the member to resign so you can find a replacement for the election.
- Your organization's bylaws should include standards of conduct for the board and term limits. Board member duties and expectations regarding attendance, and contributions, financial and workload, should be explicitly stated. If these expectations are in place, it is easier to point out a member's deficiencies and to defend the decision to remove a board member.
- Your organization's bylaws should also address what type of vote will be required to remove a board member such as a majority, two-thirds, or unanimous; and whether board members can be removed without cause.
- Your state will likely have rules for removing a board member. Some states give the nonprofit complete discretion while others set certain standards. Be sure that your policy aligns with state regulations. You can usually find these rules in the corporations code of your state's statutes.
- Informal methods of managing board members' behavior include providing a general discussion at a meeting about board expectations and how each member can be more productive. This avoids a confrontation with any single member.
- You could also organize a board retreat to build morale, fight burnout, and reenergize your board members. Also, you might ask experienced board members to mentor new ones for a few months. Many problems may be avoided if board members can use their guides as a resource and sounding board.
Your nonprofit deserves to have an inspired board of directors that works smoothly to promote the nonprofit's mission and programs.