Financial Strategies to Make the Switch From Employee to Entrepreneur
How to Keep the Money Coming in When You're Starting a Business
A 40's something woman was talking to me the other day about her growing sense of frustration over "working for someone else" and her longing to "do my own thing, drive my own wagon". But, she said with consternation, "I have family counting on me and a standard of living I don't want to sacrifice."
Everyone has to decide for themselves what level of sacrifice and risk they're willing to undertake in order to enjoy the satisfactions of working independently. Knowing some strategies for managing the risk of starting a business will allow you to make a well-informed decision.
Of the seven financing ideas for starting a business included below, the first two suggest ways to gradually transition from salaried to solo, instead of diving off the edge. The second two are ways to stretch the dollar and the final three are ideas for getting started without stopping.
1. Continue to Draw a (Reduced) Salary
Leaving your current employment in order to develop your new business may look like the only option, based on an assumption that you won't get approval for reducing your hours. While this may prove to be the case, asking yourself why and how your company will profit from retaining your skills and experience for a transitional period can provide the basis for approaching your employer. Be sure to do your homework first, however, and be able to back up your request with a solid rationale.
Also, consider the issue of timing when starting a business. You want to weigh informing your employer of your wish to leave with being prepared to leave if the answer to your request is no.
2. Develop Another Income Stream
If you need to leave your present employment, is there a skill in your toolbag that you can resuscitate and put to work without a significant expenditure of time or energy? Is moonlighting or freelance work an option? E-lancing websites (such as Elance.com and Guru.com) may be worth looking into for short-term professional service opportunities.
For example, a community mental health worker transitioning to a private practice used his conflict resolution experience to sell a training package to public schools. A woman transitioning out of an insurance brokerage created and sold seminars on long-term care financing at local retirement centers.
3. Reduce Expenses
Another financing idea for starting a business is seeing what you can save. Apart from fixed expenses—mortgage, taxes, insurance, etc.—are discretionary expenses that make up the larger part of budgets. Doing a careful analysis of these expenses and choosing what you can forego for a while can often save thousands per year.
Carefully analyzing hidden expenses—credit card interest rates, bank charges, late fees, auto debits, phone plans—or "lost money" from low-interest rates on savings may generate several thousand more per year.
It isn't necessary to wait to borrow for start-up costs until you have a well-documented idea to submit for a business loan. Refinancing a home or taking a line of credit are relatively low-cost ways of generating capital when starting a business. Depending on your credit rating, you can also get time-limited low-interest loans from credit card companies.
If you choose this financing idea for starting a business, applying for loans or refinancing packages while you're still employed is strongly advised. Your rating as a borrower declines quickly once the regular paychecks stop.
You don't have to wait! Get started on your new business idea while you're still employed. Several of the all-important first steps (below) can be started while standing in the grocery line or running on the treadmill. They involve asking yourself some questions and doing some informal research to get crystal clear about your idea. This can take weeks off your actual start-up time.
5. Identify Your Niche
When starting a business, think about the services you're uniquely qualified to provide, as well as the ones you most enjoy providing. Be specific! Write them down! Then think about what group of people would get benefit from those services and have the ability to pay for them. Again, be specific: age, where they congregate, habits and values, how they define the problem your services are going to solve.
If you don't know, ask. Find someone who fits your "ideal client" profile and gets permission to ask some questions. People generally love to be helpful.
While what you need from a marketing plan will get more sophisticated as your business develops, for now, it simply means answering the question, "How is my business going to make money?"
What is the product or service you're going to sell? How will you describe it so people quickly recognize the value? How will you package it? (Fee for service? By the project? On retainer?) How will you price it? (What's being charged for comparable services?)
For most people, anything involving money involves some level of fear. It's important to acknowledge to yourself and to others that you are taking a risk, and you've decided it's a risk you want to take. So consider the fear of starting a business as natural, and find ways to manage it.
Getting support from people who believe in you and in what you're embarking on is number one in fear-management tactics. Don't assume that you'll get it from the people closest to you or that if you don't have it you shouldn't proceed. They're probably the ones most impacted by your decision and so may be least ready to offer support. Their consent—a willingness to go along with your plan—is helpful, but support may have to come later.
It's also helpful to set a goal (and a date for completion) that's key to your new venture—arrange financing by a particular date, or sign a lease—and announce it to at least one person. You'll find that making that commitment to that financial idea for starting a business, saying it out loud, and following through will in turn generate more confidence and more forward momentum.
To all of you who are tired of marching to someone else's drum and are eager to go solo, these financing ideas for starting a business should help you take prudent but positive steps toward realizing your goal. Good luck!