E-Filing Forms W-2 and 1099-MISC

E-filing 1099-MISC Forms

krisanapong detraphiphat/Getty Images

One of the most important payroll forms is the annual form given to employees and non-employees each year. These reports are necessary for federal income tax preparation.

In brief, by January 31 of the year following the tax year:

  • Employees must receive a W-2 form showing their taxable income, income tax withheld, and other information affecting their tax returns.
  • Non-employees must receive a 1099-MISC form showing the taxable payments your business made to them during the year.

By January 31 of the following year, these forms must be submitted to the proper federal agency: (Social Security Administration for W-2 forms and the IRS for 1099-MISC forms) The filing deadlines have been moved up in order to better monitor forms for tax fraud. The deadline is the same for all filings, including e-filing. 

Here are the specific filing due dates for Form W-2 and 1099-MISC forms for the current year. 

Here is information to help you through the process of e-filing these forms with the Social Security Administration or the IRS.

Benefits of E-filing

  • E-filing, according to the IRS, saves time and effort and helps ensure accuracy.
  • If you e-file W-2 forms, you don't need to calculate and submit a W-3 transmittal form; the Social Security Administration generates a W-3 automatically.
  • If you e-file 1099 forms, including the 1099-MISC form, you don't need to calculate and submit a 1096 form for each type of 1099 form.
  • You can use the BSO site to verify Social Security Numbers for wage reporting purposes. Verifying Social Security numbers assures that wages are reported correctly and it avoids costly W-2C forms to correct W-2s,
  • The BSO site offers a tutorial, handbooks, a checklist and lots of other useful information to help you e-file those W-2 forms.
  • If you find a mistake in one or more W-2 forms after you have submitted them, you can also submit W-2c (corrected) forms online.
  • You can verify that your files have been received and check the status online.
  • Using the IRS's FIRE system for e-filing information returns means faster processing with fewer errors.
  • Some states participate in the FIRE system, which means you can avoid a separate state filing.

    E-filing W-2 Forms With the Social Security Administration

    You must e-file all W-2s to the Social Security Administration (NOT the IRS!), along with transmittal form W-3, by January 31 of the following year. There is no extension on this filing.

    The SSA's Business Services Online (BSO) is the place to go for e-filing W-2s. If you are filing 250 or more W-2 forms, you MUST e-file, but if you have fewer than 250 W-2s, you can benefit from e-filing.

    E-filing 1099 Forms with the IRS

    You can submit all 1099 forms, including Form 1099-MISC, to the IRS by mail or online, using the Filing Information Returns Electronically (FIRE) system.

    If you are not submitting electronically, you must also submit a transmittal form 1096, one for each type of 1099 you are submitting, which summarizes all the forms for that category. This is another benefit to e-filing: no 1096 required.

    For filing 1099 forms electronically, be sure to file IRS Form 4419, the application to file electronically, at least 30 days before the due date of the forms, and read the IRS information on the requirements for filing with the FIRE system.

    Remember to Do This by the End of January:

    • You must send W-2 forms to employees and 1099-MISC forms to non-employees.
    • You must submit all W-2s, with transmittal W-3, to the Social Security Administration, including e-filing for 250 or more W-2s. 
    • You must submit all 1099 forms, including Form 1099-MISC, along with a transmittal form 1096, to the IRS, including filing electronically.

    What If I Don't E-File When I'm Supposed to?

    Failing to follow the law for e-filing large batches of W-2 forms and for failing to e-file all 1099 forms means fines and penalties. As of 2018, the fines for failing to e-file when required are between $50 and $260 for each form not e-filed. The fine increases with the lateness of the filing.