Coverage territory is the geographic area an insurance policy will cover when certain events occur. These territory limits have somewhat different meanings depending on the type of insurance involved.
Let's look at how different types of insurance policies define coverage territory.
What Is Coverage Territory?
Many insurance policies limit coverage to events that occur in a certain geographic area. The area in which coverage applies is often called the coverage territory. This term has somewhat different meanings under general liability, commercial auto, commercial property, and workers compensation policies.
How Coverage Territory Works
General Liability Policies
- Coverage A (Bodily Injury and Property Damage Liability) pays damages for bodily injury or property damage if the injury or damage is caused by an occurrence that takes place in the coverage territory.
- Coverage B (Personal and Advertising Injury Liability) pays damages for personal and advertising injury if the injury was caused by an offense committed in the coverage territory.
- Coverage C (Medical Payments) pays medical expenses for bodily injury caused by an accident provided the accident takes place in the coverage territory.
No coverage is provided for claims that result from an occurrence, offense, or accident that occurs outside the coverage territory. Such claims can be insured under a foreign liability policy.
Meaning of Coverage Territory
The definition of coverage territory in the CGL consists of three parts:
a. The United States of America (including its territories and possessions), Puerto Rico and Canada. The CGL is intended to cover claims stemming from occurrences that take place in the United States or Canada. With a few exceptions outlined in parts b and c, it doesn't cover claims arising from accidents that occur in foreign countries.
b. International waters or airspace if the injury or damage occurs while a person or property is traveling between the U.S.A. (including its territories and possessions), Puerto Rico and Canada. The coverage territory includes international travel between covered places. For example, your employee is on a business trip traveling by plane from New York to Guam when they accidentally spill a large cup of coffee on another passenger's laptop. The laptop is destroyed. If the laptop owner sues the employee or your firm for property damage, the claim should be covered by your liability policy.
c. All other parts of the world. Worldwide coverage applies only to injury or damage that arises from:
- A product you made or sold in the USA (including its territories and possessions), Puerto Rico or Canada. For example, your company manufactures small kitchen appliances in Puerto Rico and exports them to Europe. A customer in Germany buys a mini food processor and then files a product liability lawsuit against your firm. They claim the chopping blade broke and injured their hand.
- A short-term business trip made by an insured if they reside in the USA (including its territories and possessions), Puerto Rico or Canada. For example, your employee is on a week-long business trip to France. They are visiting a client in their Paris office when they accidentally break a valuable statue. The client sues your firm for property damage.
- A personal and advertising injury offense that is committed via the Internet or other means of electronic communication. For example, you post an ad for your product on your company's website. A competitor in Spain sues you for defamation. The claimant alleges that your ad slandered their company, and seeks $50,000 in damages.
For a suit to be covered under the CGL, it must be brought in the United States (including its territories or possessions), Puerto Rico, or Canada. This is true whether the injury or damage that triggered the suit occurred in the United State, in international waters or airspace, or someplace else. Suits brought in foreign countries (other than Canada) aren't covered.
The standard ISO business auto policy defines the term coverage territory in a policy condition entitled Policy Period, Coverage Territory. Accidents and losses are covered only if they occur in the coverage territory, defined as:
- The United States
- The territories and possessions of the United States
- Puerto Rico
- Anywhere in the world for a private passenger vehicle (not a truck) that is hired, leased, rented or borrowed without a driver for 30 days or less
To be covered, any claim or suit must be brought in the United States, its territories or possessions, Puerto Rico, or Canada. The auto policy also covers physical damage to or an accident involving a covered auto that's being transported between places in the United States, its territories or possessions, Puerto Rico, or Canada.
Under the standard ISO commercial property policy, loss or damage is covered only if it occurs in the coverage territory. This term is defined as the United States (including its territories and possessions), Puerto Rico, and Canada.
The standard NCCI workers compensation policy does not use the term coverage territory. Part One of the policy (Workers Compensation) incorporates the laws of the states in which covered workplaces are located. These laws determine where coverage applies.
Workers compensation insurance is designed to cover injuries that occur in the states where workers are employed. Nevertheless, many states provide some coverage for workers injured while outside their home state or while on short-term foreign travel.
Part Two of the policy, Employers Liability Insurance, excludes bodily injury that occurs outside the United States, its territories or possessions, and Canada. This exclusion does not apply to a citizen or resident who is temporarily outside these countries, say, on a short-term business trip. To be covered under Part Two, suits must be brought in the United States, its territories or possessions, or Canada.
When the Territory Is Not Defined
Some policies are silent as to where coverage applies. The absence of a defined coverage territory is common in commercial umbrellas. A policy that does not specify a coverage territory is generally assumed to apply worldwide.
- Insurance coverage territory varies depending on the type of policy being discussed.
- It refers to the geographic area where coverage applies.
- In most cases, coverage territory includes the United States, its territories and possessions, Puerto Rico, and Canada.
- When a police does not specify a coverage territory, it is generally assumed to apply worldwide.